National political needs, planned economic system, supply and demand allocation, step by step; the spirit of enterprise is initially formed. The predecessor of the company, “Jiangsu Fengpei Mining Area Construction Headquarters” was established in July 1975. The construction tasks, production materials, and employee benefits in the planned economy era depend on the state and local governments. It mainly undertakes the development task of Fengpei Mining Area (one of the eight major coal bases in the country's key equipment of the Ministry of Coal), and has successively built Zhangji Mine, Sanhejian Mine and a number of local small coal mines. The coal miners are particularly hard-working and especially dedicated. Aggressive spirit is highlighted.
Take the lead in emancipating the mind, get rid of the planned economic system, brave the market, adhere to the construction and diversified operations, and the company grows rapidly. After the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee, the party established the concept of rejuvenating the country with economic construction as the center. The development of all walks of life in the country has become more active, and the demand for coal in the social economy has soared, setting off a climax of coal mine construction. At the same time, due to the shrinking of the scale of the infrastructure of Fengpei Mining Area, the company has a situation of insufficient construction tasks and declining efficiency. The company quickly changed its concept, overcoming the idea of “waiting, relying on, and wanting”, taking the initiative to attack and find a pot to create a new world. After 1981, a number of coal mining projects in Anhui Luling, Henan Yongcheng and Shandong Taiping were successively built, which enhanced the reputation of the company. In 1988, the company won the bid for the No. 3 well project in the Gerada coal mine in Morocco and became the first coal infrastructure unit in the country to enter the international market. In the 1990s, one, two, and five were consolidating the surrounding markets such as Sulu, Henan and Anhui, while actively expanding the central and western markets such as Shanxi and Gansu, and successively won the bid for landmark projects such as Gaolan, Sihe, Longshou and Haishiwan. Gradually, the situation was opened nationwide and the foothold was established. After 1995, the company undertook the construction of the first annual production of a million tons of the Balapukulia coal mine in Bangladesh. It is also a “turnkey project” operating in accordance with international engineering projects, further establishing an international image. At the same time, actively develop diversified operations, Friendship Shopping Mall, Friendship Restaurant, Machine Factory, Changjiang Machinery Plant, Nature Plant Oil Factory and other units came into being. In 1996, the turnover accounted for half of the company.
In order to adapt to development, the company has continuously improved its internal management mechanism. Since 1983, it has been comprehensively rectified in more than two years, laying the foundation and efficiency, implementing a two-level economic contract responsibility system, breaking the “big pot rice”, supporting reforms in terms of wage distribution, material supply, and financial management. Significant improvement. In 1984, the company turned losses into profit, and got rid of the situation of eating state financial subsidies for many years; in 1996, its operating income reached 580 million yuan, and profits and taxes reached more than 5 million yuan, entering a period of steady development.
Affected by many parties, the coal industry experienced a low point, the company is constantly striving for self-improvement. In May 1997, he joined the former China Coal Construction Group and changed its name to China Coal No. 5 Construction Company, becoming a central enterprise. In the 1980s, in order to alleviate the tight supply of coal, the state implemented the policy of “both large, medium and small coal mines”. The number of mines in the country increased rapidly, and the number of small mines accounted for more than 90% of the total number of mines in the country. By the second quarter of 1996, the country’s oversupply of coal was formed. In 1998, the Ministry of Coal was withdrawn, and its former geological exploration, infrastructure construction, machinery manufacturing and other institutions were decentralized to local management. At the same time, the impact of the Asian financial crisis began to appear. Coal demand fell sharply, production capacity was severely overcapacity, industry competition intensified, price order was chaotic, and the infrastructure market shrank rapidly. The company entered a particularly difficult period and its survival and development were struggling.
During this period, the company fully promoted the enterprising spirit of bravely exploiting the market. The employees fully carried forward the dedication spirit of “especially able to endure hardship and especially fight”, facing difficulties and bravely marching forward. At the same time, the company strengthened its internal management, slimmed down the body, worked hard, and responded to various challenges with a positive attitude. In the end, it stood firm in the forefront of the entire coal mine construction industry with tenacious perseverance. First, timely adjust the development ideas, explore the implementation of the market development strategy of both coal and non-coal, domestic and foreign, and survive regardless of size. In the past five years, it has undertaken 96 projects with a construction output value of 2.016 billion yuan. The second is to focus on improving construction capacity. By strengthening labor organizations, strengthening on-site management, and promoting technological innovation and application, the construction level has been significantly improved. The second construction of Geting Auxiliary well refreshed the company's vertical shaft construction record with 216.9 meters of Yuecheng well. The three constructions of Xuandong Second Mine created a national record of over 100 meters of continuous wells for six consecutive months; the construction level of Pingxiang Lane is also in the leading position in the industry. The third is to deepen reform and reduce people's effectiveness. The organization of the company has been streamlined from 15 to 10, and 50 employees have been recruited for employment. The management personnel of the Agency have been compressed to less than 50, and the personnel of other units have been reduced by more than 20% on the original basis. Gradually implement the post-employment wage system, set the salary to the post, reasonably open the income gap, and mobilize the enthusiasm. At the same time, actively use the national policy to promote the bankruptcy of oil plants, gypsum mines, electronics factories, vegetable quick-freezing plants, and lay off more than 1,100 people, reducing the burden on enterprises.
The rapid growth of the national economy, the sharp increase in coal demand, the coal industry ushered in the "golden decade", the company's development into the fast lane. During this period, the company achieved two promotion: one is the status promotion. Joined China Coal Group in July 2003 and gained more room for development. Second, qualifications are promoted. It has obtained the special qualification for general contracting of mine engineering construction and the first-class qualification for municipal engineering general contracting, which has increased the competition weight and broadened the development field.
In 2001, after the state implemented the policies of shutting down the production and shutting down the small coal mines, the overall output and demand of coal production showed a situation of partial tightness. Since 2003, the GDP has maintained a double-digit growth for many years. The output of the four major coal-consuming industrial products of power, metallurgy, building materials and chemicals has continued to increase, which has effectively boosted the domestic coal market demand and promoted the overall improvement of the coal economy. The company seized the opportunity and took advantage of the trend, and its ability to sustain development was significantly enhanced. First, the economic strength has increased substantially. Operating income increased from 760 million yuan in 2003 to 3.45 billion yuan in 2009, a six-fold increase; total profit increased from 10.37 million yuan in 2003 to 140 million yuan in 2009, an increase of 13.5 times. Second, the market share has expanded year by year. Expand Ningxia, Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang and other markets, undertake a number of large projects, good projects, and the scale of construction continues to expand. Third, the construction efficiency has been continuously improved. Solidly carry out regular circulation operations, and continuously improve the level of single entry, creating new national construction records such as vertical shafts, inclined shafts, derrick uprights, and coal bunk sliding molds; Tengdong Lijing and Huangyuchuan inclined wells have been created for 8 consecutive months. Single-pass super 100 meters. Fourth, scientific and technological innovations are fruitful. It has obtained 8 national-level construction methods, 16 industrial-level construction methods, 1 national scientific and technological progress award, 25 industrial and provincial-level scientific and technological progress awards, 28 scientific and technological progress awards of the group companies, and 60 national patents. Fifth, the "three transformations" highlight the forward-looking. The company reviewed the situation and proposed a development strategy for the transformation of subway, coal production and operation, and international market. Established a tunnel branch, operated subway tunnels and bypass tunnel construction; established a mining branch, managed Shandong Xinhe, Shanxi Mingzhu, Yufeng Coal Mine, and signed Shanxi Miao The Jiagou Coal Mine project general contracting and equity transfer agreement made positive progress in the transformation of coal production operation services; completed the repair of the Turkish wellbore, the construction of the Mongolian steel structure, and the construction of three vertical shafts of the Helin Coal Mine in Vietnam, and the international engineering business progressed steadily.
China Coal Group implemented strategic adjustments, limited development of the mining and construction sector, and repeated transfer of secondary units, which delayed some opportunities and the company's development path was tortuous. In March 2010, after three major safety accidents occurred in the Group's mining construction enterprises, the “one limit, two mentions and three turn” requirements were put forward. In October, the strategic adjustment of the mining construction sector was implemented, which brought profound impact to the company: First, it caused in the market. passive. Actively withdrawing more than 20 projects under construction, resulting in impaired market reputation, it is difficult to withdraw from the project project; market development is strictly restricted, and the risk of market share loss increases. The second is to implement the transfer of fees and labor. The construction of the first and fifth construction units has been transferred, resulting in a large amount of taxes, involving the settlement of projects and the recovery of project funds. It is difficult to deal with historical issues. Third, the transformation and development strategy has been contained. The experience and advantages of operating coal mine production operations such as Xinhe, Mingzhu and Nanyangpo have ceased to exist with the transfer of mining branches; the tunnel branch has been handed over to the construction group and decommissioned again, and the original development plan cannot be implemented continuously, and Caused confusion in all aspects of management. Fourth, the stability of enterprises is huge. The withdrawal of the project resulted in the retreat and diversion of personnel, and the different demands of the employees, which led to various contradictions; the sales of the four places were unsettled, especially the negative emotions of managers above the middle level.
During this period, the company quickly adjusted its thinking and status, strengthened the implementation of the executive force, conscientiously implemented the work of the two-level group, redefined the development plan around the positioning of specialized mining companies. First, insist on putting safety work at the forefront. Deeply absorb the lessons of accidents, revise and improve the safety management system, promote the construction of environment, quality and responsibility, and earnestly fail to produce. The second is to insist on market development as the top priority. Highlight the main business of mining, consolidate the traditional market and the internal market of the group; increase the proportion of non-coal business, especially in Zhangzhuang Iron Mine, contracting construction, mining operations, backfilling and other full-cycle services; international engineering has maintained continuity, successively in India , Ecuador, Turkey contracted projects; the subway market developed steadily, expanded markets in Tianjin, Wuhan, Zhengzhou, Nanchang, etc., and contracted the Yan'an Highway Tunnel Project in BT mode. The third is to insist on the construction of “four modernizations” of modelization, standardization, specialization and mechanization as an important starting point for strengthening project management, and promoting civilized construction and single-level improvement. The fourth is to insist on “management improvement” as an effective means to improve development capabilities, and the quality of operations has been improved.
The global economic recovery is difficult and tortuous. The cyclical contradictions and structural contradictions in China's economic operation are superimposed. The coal production capacity is accelerated, the mining construction market is tightening, the company's operations are in trouble, and the task of transformation and development is arduous. As we have analyzed before, the situation of continuous decline in coal demand, overcapacity, and difficult business operations has not changed substantially. The coal market still has uncertainties and unstable factors, and the severe situation directly transmits the mining market. Impact on the company: First, the market development task is even heavier. "There are many porridges," and the competition is fierce. Second, the project has a smaller profit margin. The seller’s market is under pressure, vicious competition makes profits, and the profit margin is squeezed out. Third, it is more difficult to collect accounts receivable. The owner's funds are tight, and it is bound to pass the pressure on the construction unit. Fourth, the project is not full of risks. A number of mining construction projects with incomplete approval procedures have many uncertainties, high probability of suspension, stable team stability, and increased safety risks, operational risks, and legal risks. Fifth, the tight cash flow situation has intensified. Due to the difficulty in returning funds, the cash flow is fragile, and the phenomenon of underpaid wages and the failure of the provident fund is incurred. Sixth, the factors of instability and the volume of letters and visits increased. Due to difficulties in business operations, various problems and contradictions are likely to arise, and labor and economic disputes are on the rise, affecting the stability and stability of enterprises.
Severe facts are placed in front of us, and the sense of crisis and urgency are like the peak of Mount Tai. In-depth research by the company, in 2016, put forward the development idea of “transformation and upgrading, strengthening the foundation, making the best and becoming more sophisticated, and building a superior service provider”. This year, it proposed “reform adjustment, strengthening the foundation, and building a domestic first-class global famous mine. The comprehensive service provider's general requirements for work, the courage to face challenges, and proactive, hope that through unremitting efforts, we will achieve development.
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